Journalism is all about communicating information through various media and involves the collection and dissemination of news through articles, speech or visuals. Let's go through the various categories in journalism: Reporting: Reporting implies coverage of any kind of event to get a story. Wherever possible, reporters research the background of a subject before beginning first-hand investigation. Whatever the issue, reporters/journalists are expected to present a clear and unbiased account of the facts they have gathered and particularly in controversial cases to include points of view of those involved. Accuracy, brevity and speech are the most important factors. journalists do not have fixed timings and travel frequently, often to remote areas or trouble spots to cover the action. Correspondent/Specialist Reporting: Involves reporting either on a topic of specialisation, or from a place other than the paper's headquarters. Special correspondents often report on general news for the most part covering their area of expertise only as the need arises. The aim of such journalist is to interpret and explain news, and comment on the events, trends and causes behind it. Specialisation can range from politics, foreign affairs, finance and law to sports, culture or health and environment. 334 Few correspondents concentrate only on specialist writing. Those who do, such as syndicated columnist, usually contribute to several papers at the same time. The number of specialists/correspondents/journalists working for a paper depends on its size, circulation and resources. News/Features Editing: This is for journalists with good organising skills. Editing is primarily a desk job involving little or no reporting. News and features editors control reporting staff, allocate assignments and attend editorial conferences. Sub-editing: Sub-editors are required to re-write stories to fit the space assigned; spruce up introductions and language, proof copy for spelling and punctuation; and sometimes give the story a 'slant' or focus of interest. They write headlines and sometimes, in consultation with the night or assistant editor, compose page layouts. Subbing is a desk job that involves teamwork and is always done under tight time constraints. Sub-editors in newspapers work in shifts and therefore are on duty at odd hours. Feature Writing: Is more descriptive and detailed than news reporting and can cover any topic of general interest. Experienced journalists or specialists usually write them. Often, freelancers are commissioned to write features for regular or weekend papers. Columns: Topics can be general, usually a look at something from the writer's personal viewpoint or specialised, if the columnist is an expert on a particular subject. Sometimes, writers from other papers are invited to contribute their articles on a regular basis and are called 'guest columnists' Commentators are critics who review development in special areas like politics, sports, consumer affair, music, art or literature. They are also usually called columnists. The scope of journalism is wide and is increasing with greater diversification of the media.
Magazines and periodicals
National television and radio
Private television channels and FM channels
Regional press bureau of international papers/agencies/networks
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India
Related government agencies like Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity, Directorate of Field Publicity
Press sections of public and private sector corporations
Freelancer/stringer - advisable only after sufficient work experience
Teaching at universities
A degree in any discipline is the minimum qualification for entry. Getting into leading newspapers in India will be easier if you have obtained a first class in graduation. You can also have a Bachelor degree in Journalism. 335 alternatively, you can have a Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism after your graduation in any discipline.
MA in a Literature (English or any other languages)/MA in Economics/Commerce/other subject
MA in Journalism
MA in Mass Communication & Journalism
Bachelor/ Master of Mass Communication & Journalism
MA/ Post Graduate Diploma in Mass Communication
MA/ Post Graduate Diploma in Broadcast Journalism
MA/ Post Graduate Diploma in Television Journalism
MA/ Post Graduate Diploma in Electronic Journalism
MBA/ Post Graduate Diploma in Management
As against print journalism television is known to pay better. As a trainee in a newspaper your pay ranges around Rs 5,000 - 8,000 per month, which is hiked to Rs 10,000-12,000 on confirmation. As a reporter/journalist in the beginning, you can expect to make Rs.10,000 - Rs.15 000. Editors draw a salary of Rs. 15,000 - Rs. 20,000 with a couple years of experience. In the electronic media, as a journalist you can start out with Rs 8,000 as minimum pay. If you are lucky, you can even start with Rs. 15,000 with an electronic media company. However, salary scales aren't fixed in this field. And you can earn quite well after 4-5 years.
Senior sub-editors, for example earn Rs 15,000 - 20,000 per month. Some business journalists with 5-6 years experience can rake up to Rs 25,000 -40,000 if working with a 336 foreign media house/ Indian media barons. Senior Correspondents/Journalists of leading media companies earn about Rs. 30,000 - 50,000 per month. You earn well...eventually. As a lecturer at a good university you could start with a salary of 18,000 and work your way upto to Rs. 30,000 per month.